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How to Grow Chili Peppers at Home: Check Now

How to Grow Chili Peppers at Home

Gardeners who like spicy foods and are fond of hot peppers should consider growing chili peppers in their garden. Even if you do not have the space to grow peppers in the garden, there are several varieties of this plant that can be grown indoors. In fact, growing chili peppers indoors is easier for beginners because they can have better control over water, temperature, and light (three vital elements in producing a successful product).

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How to Grow Chili Peppers at Home is as follows

Step 1: Prepare the pepper


Choose your favorite chili pepper. There are varieties of short decorative peppers that are easier and better to plant indoors.

1- Choose your favorite chili variety. There are varieties of short ornamental peppers that are easier and better to plant indoors, because if you choose larger varieties, there may not be enough space for their roots to grow inside a pot.



Choosing a plastic pot is better than a clay pot. Clay pots (such as red clay soils) have a strong tendency to absorb soil moisture, especially in hot and bright conditions required for growth.

2- Choosing a plastic pot is better than a clay pot. Clay pots (such as red clay soils) have a strong tendency to absorb soil moisture, especially in hot and bright conditions needed for the growth of chili peppers. These peppers need a lot of moisture to grow and can be dried in a clay pot.



Choose a pot that has a drain hole. Since chili peppers need a lot of watering to grow, there should be drainage holes in the pot.

3- Choose a pot that has a drain hole. Since chili peppers need a lot of water to grow, there should be drainage holes in the pot so that excess water comes out and the roots do not sink in water or rot.



Disinfect the pot before use. Many pots, especially those that have been used before,

4- Disinfect the pot before use. Many pots, especially those already in use, contain bacteria or hidden insect eggs that can kill plant life. Wash your pot with warm soapy water to neutralize these threats.



Prepare a pot soil mixture. Garden soil usually contains bacteria that damage the pepper seeds and prevent them from germinating.

5- Prepare a mixture of potting soil. Garden soil usually contains bacteria that damage pepper seeds, prevent germination, and inhibit plant growth. You can get a mixture of soil and compost from stores to increase the quality of your soil. The higher the soil quality, the more likely it is that the plant will grow successfully.
Then increase the quality of your soil by increasing the amount of vermiculite.

other more tips How to Grow Chili Peppers at Home

Step 2: Accelerate the germination process of pepper


Place a handful of chili seeds between the sheets of damp paper towels. The seeds should be evenly and uniformly placed on the towel so that moisture is evenly distributed among them.

1. Place a handful of chili pepper seeds between sheets of damp paper towels. The seeds should be evenly and uniformly placed on the towel so that moisture is evenly distributed among them.


Place the seeds and paper towels in a sealed container. You can use a plastic food container with a tight lid

2. Place the seeds and paper towels in a sealed container. You can use a plastic food container with a tight lid.

Place the seeds on a warm, ventilated shelf. Both heat and humidity are essential for germination.

3- Put the seeds on a warm and ventilated shelf. Both heat and humidity are essential for germination.



After 2 to 5 days, check the seeds. If they are swollen, they are ready for implantation. It is even possible for small sprouts to emerge from some of the seeds.

4- After 2 to 5 days, check the seeds. If they are swollen, they are ready for implantation. It is even possible for small sprouts to emerge from some of the seeds.


Step 3: Planting pepper seeds


Fill the pot with soil mixture. Keep a gap of at least 2.5 cm between the top surface of the soil and the edge of the bucket

1- Fill the pot with soil mixture. Keep a gap of at least 2.5 cm between the top surface of the soil and the edge of the bucket.



Sow your seeds in pots. The distance between the two seeds should be 5 cm

2- Sow your seeds in the pot. The distance between the two seeds should be 5 cm.



Pour a small amount of compost on the seeds. You should only have about 0.5 cm of compost on the seeds to provide only the minerals needed for the soil.

3- Pour a small amount of compost on the seeds. You should only have about 0.5 cm of compost on the seeds to provide only the minerals needed for the soil.



Sprinkle water on the seeds using a spray. Do this every once in a while to keep the soil moist.

4- Sprinkle water on the seeds using a spray. Do this every once in a while to keep the soil moist. Water is essential for chili peppers, especially in the early stages of planting.



Observe the condition of the pot to observe the growth of the seeds. Depending on the type of pepper you choose, it may take 1 to 6 weeks for the first sprouts to appear on the soil.

5- Monitor the condition of the pot to observe the growth of seeds. It takes one to six weeks, depending on the type of pepper you choose, for the first sprouts to appear on the soil.

Step 4: Hold and harvest the pepper


Place the chili peppers near a sunny window. Choose a window facing west or south to provide the best and warmest light for the plant

1. Place the chili peppers near a sunny window. Choose a window facing west or south to provide the best and warmest light for the plant. Chili peppers are grown using full sunlight, so place the plant as close to the window as possible to maximize sunlight exposure.



Provide fluorescent light to the plant. If you can not get enough natural light for the plant indoors, place them under artificial fluorescent light.

2- Provide fluorescent light for the plant. If you can not get enough natural light for the plant indoors, place them under artificial fluorescent light. These lights should be placed about 20 inches above the pot and on the plant for 14 to 16 hours every day to provide enough light and heat.



Provide the necessary air flow for the plant on a daily basis, but avoid strong air currents.

3- Provide the necessary airflow for the plant on a daily basis, but avoid strong air currents. Open a window or turn on a slow-moving fan for a few hours a day. Ideally, the airflow should keep the room temperature relatively warm. Extreme hot and cold air currents can impede growth, so keep your pepper plants away from air conditioners or vents.



Wet your peppers thoroughly after observing the buds on top of the soil. Whenever you feel the surface of your soil is dry, water the chili peppers.

4- After observing the buds on the top of the soil, soak your peppers completely. Whenever you feel the surface of your soil is dry, water the chili peppers. Water the plant until excess water is drained through the holes at the bottom of the pot.

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Enhance the growth process with vegetable fertilizer on a monthly basis. Use a balanced 15-15-15 fertilizer that contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.

5- Strengthen the growth process by using vegetable fertilizer on a monthly basis. Use a balanced 15-15-15 fertilizer that contains nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
The three numbers written on the fertilizer bag indicate the percentage of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in the fertilizer. Fertilizer 15-15-15 has the same percentage for these three elements, and this means that the foliage, root system, flowers, and fruit of the pepper benefit equally from food. Nitrogen strengthens the foliage, potassium promotes flower growth and overall plant strength, and phosphorus improves root and fruit quality.



Arrange your peppers separately. Pay attention to the standard size and color (red, orange, yellow or green) for the particular type of chili you have chosen.

6- Arrange your peppers separately. Pay attention to the standard size and color (red, orange, yellow, or green) for the particular chili species you have chosen. When your peppers reach that standard size and color, use scissors to pick the peppers and peel off the top of the fruit. Chili pepper plants are ready for use 90 days after germination and you can harvest their peppers.

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